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Present Continuous Tense

By Learning English

The form of the present continuous tense

The present continuous tense is always formed with the auxiliary verb to be in the present simple tense + the infinitive +ing (the present participle).   
Examples:
I am typing.          She is crying.         They are reading.
The form of the present continuous tense is putting not between the auxiliary (verb to be in the present simple tense) and the verb +ing.
Examples of the negative form of the present continuous tense:
I am not running.      He is not studying.      They are not going.
To construct the interrogative form of the present tense continuous we invert subject and auxiliary
Examples of interrogative form of present continuous tense:
Am I writing?          Is he playing?         Are they following?
The present continuous tense of verb “to play” in all forms:
 The affirmative form of the present continuous tense.

-          I am playing
-          You are playing
-          He/she/it is playing.
-          We are playing.
-          They are playing
The negative form of the present continuous tense.

-          I am not playing.
-          You are not playing.
-          He/she/it is not playing.
-          We are not playing.
-          They are not playing.
The interrogative form of the present continuous tense.

-          Am I playing?
-          Are you playing?
-          Is He/She/It playing?
-          Are we playing?
-          Are they playing?


 THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS: USES

 The present continuous tense has many uses as we will see:

The present continuous tense is used to talk about actions happening now.

Examples:
She is talking to my friend (now).
He is reading a book.
We are having so much fun.
I am not wearing my jacket now.
Why are you having dinner this early?

The present continuous is used when we talk about an action happening in a period of time but not necessarily at the moment we are speaking. Read the following examples to understand more this use of the present continuous tense:

-          I am writing an essay about politics (This could mean at the speaking moment but it may also mean ‘now’ in a general sense/context)
-          They are working on a new project (they may not be doing that at the moment of speaking)

This tense (present continuous) is used to talk about definite arrangements in the future (near future). It is a common way to express immediate plans. Examples of present continuous tense for the near future use:

-          I am going back home tonight.
-          My boyfriend is taking to the theatre this evening.
A: Are you doing anything tomorrow?
B: I am watching a soccer game.
Verbs that are not normally used in the present continuous tense.

The continuous tense is normally used for deliberate actions. The following verbs are not normally used in the present continuous tense (continuous tenses in general):

·         Verbs of senses: smell, see, feel, hear… These verbs are usually express involuntary actions.
Examples:
I feel that you are not happy.
It smells good.
I hear you.
·         Verbs that express feelings/emotions: appreciate, adore, desire, care, like, dislike, detest, love, loathe, mind, wish, value, want…
I love this sweater.
We appreciate your loyalty.
I want to hear it from you now.
I adore how you look.
I don’t like this movie.

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