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Present Simple Tense: Definition, Form, Uses and Examples.

By Learning English



Today’ lesson is dedicated to explain the present simple tense, the declarative, negative and interrogative forms of the present simple tense and the different uses of present simple with examples.

What is the present simple tense in English?

The simple present tense could be defined as a verb tense that is mainly used to show generalization, habit or repetition. This verb tense (present simple) is also used to talk about scheduled actions in the future and actions happening now in some situations. The following description explains the simple present in details and with present simple examples.

The Simple Present Form

How to form present simple? The simple present is considered the base form of the verb. Questions are always formed with the auxiliary verb “do” and negative form with “do not”.
This how for sentences in present simple tense (present simple’s sentences):
Statement: You learn English (Subject+ verb+ the rest of the sentence)
Question Form: Do you learn English? (Do + subject+ the rest of the sentence)
Negative Form: You do not learn English (Subject+ do not+ the rest of the sentence)
When we use the third person singular (He/ She/ It), we add -s or -es. Questions are formed with “does” and negative form with “does not”.
Statement: She learns English. (Subject+ verb with s or es + the rest of the sentence)
Question Form: Does she learn English? (does+ subject+ the rest of the sentence)
Negative Form: She does not learn English. (subject + does not+ the rest of the sentence)
After we have seen the present simple, I will give you the uses of the present simple tense with examples.
The uses of the present simple:
     Repetition
 one of the important uses of the present simple is to express an action that is usual or repeated. This action could be a hobby, a habit, a daily event, a scheduled event or anything that often happens. Here is a list of examples:
-          I speak English
-          She does not like ice cream:
-          The store opens every morning at 8:30 am.
-          The train does not arrive at 11:05 pm.
-          When does he usually go to work?
-          My mom cooks chicken every Saturday.
-          They never stay at home.
-          She is always busy.
-          The teacher always comes early.

Facts/ Generalization

 The present simple tense is used to express a fact that has been true over time or to make something general. The speaker uses present simple to express something that is true or believes that is true. Read the following examples of simple present:
Dogs like bons
Birds fly.
United Sates of America is a powerful country.
Russia is the largest country.
Most people believe in God.
Ghazel runs faster that rabbit.
Earth is not flat.
Cow has four legs.
Smoking affects health negatively.

Near actions/events

The simple present tense is also used to talk about events that are scheduled in the future (near future). This use is very common when it comes to talking about transportation. However, the present simple tense could be used to talk about planned events. The following examples make this kind of use very evident:
The bus leaves in 20 minutes.
The weather remains the same for a week.
Soccer games begin 1 hour later.
Exams take place on Friday.
Classes dismiss by the end of the month.

Instructions/directions

When you are in a situation of giving or receiving instructions/directions, the right tense to use is present simple tent. Here is some example of present simple:
-          Go outside and throw the trash.
-          Follow the instructions and do what he says.
-          Listen and write down.
-          First, open the window. Second, get in the room. Then, take the key under the table and open the door.

News Headlines

The present simple is used in news. Read the following examples:
The president declares an emergency state.
The mayor reveals her plans to avoid pollution.

Conclusion

The present simple tense is a very important tense in English language. Present simple is used for many reasons as we have seen. I hope this article was helpful. If you see it so, leave a comment and share it with your friends who want to learn English grammar.



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